Democracy in Sierra Leone

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Democracy Ratings

Freedom House 2018


3 out of 7

(where lower scores are more democratic)

Freedom Status:

Partly Free

EIU Democracy Index 2017


4.66 out of 10

(where higher scores are more democratic)

World Ranking:


Polity IV 2016



(from -10 to 10, where higher scores are more democratic)



Political System

System of Government Presidential
Presidential Electoral System First past the post

(Providing winner takes 55% or over)

Last Presidential Election 2018
Next Presidential Election 2023
Presidential Term Limits Two, five-year terms
System of Appointment to Legislature 112 in single-member constituencies through first past the post system

12 appointed paramount chiefs from each of the districts

Last Legislative Election


Next Legislative Election


Number of Seats in Legislature 124
Female quota, representation in lower house No


Last presidential election (2018)
Candidate (Party) Votes (%)
1st round 2nd round
Julius Maada Bio 43.30 51.8
Samura Kamara 42.70 48.2
Kandeh Yumkella 6.9
Samuel Sam-Sumana 3.5
Mohamed Kamaraimba Mansaray 1.1
Gbandi Jemba Ngobeh 1
Musa Tarawally 0.5
Charles Francis Margai 0.4
Mohamed Charnoh Bah 0.3
Mohamed Sowa-Turay 0.2
Patrick John O’Dwyer 0.2
Kandeh Baba Conteh 0.2
Femi Claudius Cole 0.2
Saa Henry Kabuta 0.1
Beresford Victor Williams 0.1
Jonathan Patrick Sandy 0.1

Last legislative election (2018)    
Party Votes (%) Seats
Sierra Leone People’s Party 49
All People’s Congress 68
Coalition for Change 8
Alliance Democratic Party
Citizens Democratic Party
National Democratic Alliance
National Grand Coalition 4
National Progressive Democrats
National Unity and Reconciliation Party
Peace and Liberation Party
People’s Democratic Party
People’s Movement for Democratic Change
Republic National Independence Party
Revolutionary United Front
United Democratic Movement
United National People’s Party
Unity Party
Independents 3
Elected Chiefs 14

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