Democracy in São Tomé and Príncipe

Democracy Ratings

Freedom House 2018


2 out of 7

(where lower scores are more democratic)

Freedom Status:


EIU Democracy Index 2017


No Data

(where higher scores are more democratic)

World Ranking:

No Data

Polity IV 2016


No Data

(from -10 to 10, where higher scores are more democratic)


No Data

Political System

System of Government Semi-Presidential
Presidential Electoral System Two-round system
Last Presidential Election 2016
Next Presidential Election 2021
Presidential Term Limits Two, five-year terms.
System of Appointment to Legislature Elected in seven multi-member constituencies through proportional representation
Last Legislative Election


Next Legislative Election


Number of Seats in Legislature 55
Female quota, representation in lower house No


Last presidential election (2016)
Candidate (Party) Votes (%)
1st round 2nd round
Evaristo Carvalho 50 100
Manuel Pinto da Costa* 25
Maria das Neves 24
Manuel do Rosário 1
Hélder Barros 0

*refused to participate in the second round

Last legislative election (2014)    
Party Votes (%) Seats
Independent Democratic Action 52.58 33
Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party 24.71 16
Democratic Convergence Party – Reflection Group 10.95 5
Force for Change Democratic Movement – Liberal Party 3.3 0
National Platform for Development 3.29 0
Party of Stability and Social Progress 2.47 0
Union of Democrats for Citizenship and Development 1.87 1
National Union for Democracy and Progress 0.24 0
São Toméan Workers Party 0.2 0
CÓDÓ Party 0.15 0
Christian Democratic Front 0.14 0
Socialist Movement 0.1 0


São Tomé and Príncipe on DiA

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