Democracy in Ghana

Democracy Ratings

Freedom House 2018


1.5 out of 7

(where lower scores are more democratic)

Freedom Status:


EIU Democracy Index 2017


6.69 out of 10

(where higher scores are more democratic)

World Ranking:


Polity IV 2016



(from -10 to 10, where higher scores are more democratic)



Political System

System of Government Presidential
Presidential Electoral System Two-round system
Last Presidential Election 2016
Next Presidential Election 2020
Presidential Term Limits Two, four-year terms
System of appointment to legislature

Single-member constituencies elected through first past the post system

Last Legislative Election


Next Legislative Election


Number of Seats in Legislature 275
Female quota, representation in lower house No


Last presidential election (2016)
Candidate (Party) Votes (%)
1st round 2nd round not needed
Nana Akufo-Addo 53.9
John Dramani Mahama 44.4
Paa Kwesi Nduom 1.0
Ivor Greenstreet 0.2
Edward Mahama 0.2
Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings 0.2
Jacob Osei Yeboah 0.2


Last legislative election (2016)    
Party Votes (%) Seats
New Patriotic Party 53 171
National Democratic Congress 42 104
Progressive People’s Party 2 0
Convention People’s Party 1 0
People’s National Convention 0 0
National Democratic Party 0 0
All People’s Congress 0 0
United Front Party 0.01 0
Democratic People’s Party 0.01 0
Great Consolidated Popular Party 0.01 0
United Progressive Party 0 0
Independents 2.21 0


Ghana on DiA

#BookClub: Africa Since Decolonization

1 December 2023

Martin Welz

Ghana: Soaring Public Debt and Democratic Challenges

9 November 2023

Felix Kumah-Abiwu & Jeffrey Haynes

Creating Belonging or Ruling by Exclusion? Politics, Citizenship and African Governance

23 January 2023

Jesper Bjarnesen, Cristiano Lanzano, Henning Melber, and Patience Mususa

What can African parties do to address gendered funding inequalities?

24 November 2021

Vibeke Wang, Ragnhild Muriaas & Gretchen Bauer


7 October 2021

Calum Booth & Nic Cheeseman

How popular is China in Africa? And how do people think about its role?

23 September 2021

Folashade Soule & Edem E. Selormey

#BookClub. What drives election rigging – and when citizens resist it?

1 April 2021

Nic Cheeseman Gabrielle Lynch and Justin Willis

The Moral Economy of Elections in Africa is out now!

26 February 2021

Democracy in Africa

The hidden costs of social media in African elections - the case of Ghana

23 February 2021

Gabrielle Lynch, Elena Gadjanova, Ghadafi Saibu

J.J. Rawlings: A Man For All Seasons?

7 December 2020

Ryan Colton

Facebook’s ongoing scramble for Africa

29 September 2020

Toussaint Nothias

Who decides who gets to vote in Ghana’s elections?

18 March 2020

Nathalie Raunet Robert-Nicoud

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