Democracy in Gambia

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Democracy Ratings

Freedom House 2018


4.5 out of 7

(where lower scores are more democratic)

Freedom Status:

Partly Free

EIU Democracy Index 2017


4.06 out of 10

(where higher scores are more democratic)

World Ranking:


Polity IV




(from -10 to 10, where higher scores are more democratic)


Closed Anocracy

Political System

System of Government Presidential
Presidential Electoral System First past the post
Last Presidential Election 2016
Next Presidential Election 2021
Presidential Term Limits None
System of appointment to legislature

48 elected in single-member constituencies through first past the post

5 appointed by the president

Last Legislative Election


Next Legislative Election


Number of Seats in Legislature 53
Female quota, representation in lower house No


Last presidential election (2016)
Candidate (Party) Votes (%)
1st round FPTP System
Adama Barrow 43.3
Yahya Jammeh 39.6
Mama Kandeh 17.1

Last legislative election (2017)    
Party Votes (%) Seats
United Democratic Party 37.47 31
Gambia Democratic Congress 17 5
Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction 16 5
People’s Democratic Organisation for Independence and Socialism 9 4
National Reconciliation Party 6 5
People’s Progressive Party 3 2
Gambia Moral Congress 1 0
National Convention Party 0 0
Gambia Party for Democracy and Progress 0.34 0
Independents 9.56 1

Gambia on DiA

How hashtag activism moves offline in The Gambia

29 September 2020

Idayat Hassan & Jamie Hitchen

Is Africa becoming more democratic?

26 May 2017

Nic Cheeseman

Join in the debate... let us know what you think!