Democracy in Ethiopia

Democracy Ratings

Freedom House 2018


6.5 out of 7

(where lower scores are more democratic)

Freedom Status:

Not Free

EIU Democracy Index 2017


3.42 out of 10

(where higher scores are more democratic)

World Ranking:


Polity IV 2016



(from -10 to 10, where higher scores are more democratic)


Closed Anocracy

Political System

System of Government Parliamentary
Presidential Electoral System Two-round system
Presidential Term Limits Two, six-year terms
System of appointment to legislature

Single-member constituencies elected through first past the post

Last Legislative Election


Next Legislative Election


Number of Seats in Legislature 546
Female quota, representation in lower house No


House of Representatives (2015)    
Party Votes (%) Seats
Party 500
Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front 24
Somali People’s Democratic Party 9
Benishangul Gumuz People’s Democratic Party 8
Afar National Democratic Party 3
Gambela People’s Democratic Movement 1
Argoba People Democratic Organization 1
Hareri National League 0
Agew Democratic Party 0
All Ethiopian Democratic Organization 0
All Ethiopian Democratic Party 0
All Ethiopian National Movement 0
All Oromo People Democratic Party 0
All-Amhara People’s Organization 0
Argoba Nationality Democratic Movement 0
Bench People Democratic Organization 0
Blue Party 0
Coalition for Unity and Democracy 0
Denta Dubamo Kichinchila People’s Democratic Organization 0
Dilwabi Peoples’ Democratic Movement 0
Donga People Democratic Organization 0
Dube and Degeni Nationality Democratic Party 0
Ethiopia Democratic Union 0
Ethiopia Federal Democratic Unity Forum 0
Ethiopian Democratic Party 0
Ethiopian Democratic Unity Movement 0
Ethiopian Justice and Democratic Forces Front 0
Ethiopian National Unity Party 0
Ethiopian Peace and Democratic Party 0
Ethiopian Raie Party 0
Ethiopian’s Unity Democratic Organization 0
Geda System Advancement Party 0
Gedeo People Democratic Organization 0
Gumz People’s Democratic Movement 0
Kembata People’s Congress 0
New Generation Party 0
Oromo Liberation Unity Front 0
Oromo People’s Congress 0
Sidama Hadicho People Democratic Organization 0
Sodo Gordona Peoples’ Democratic Organization 0
Tigri Worgi Nationality Democratic Organization 0
Unity for Democracy and Justice 0
Welene People Democratic Party 0
Wolayta People Democratic Front 0
Independents 1
Undeclared 500

Ethiopia on DiA

How popular is China in Africa? And how do people think about its role?

23 September 2021

Folashade Soule & Edem E. Selormey

Redefining the Social Contract in Africa

30 March 2021

Nordic Africa Institute

Authoritarian Aid: A reply to Prof. Cheeseman

8 January 2021

Solomon Baraka Sudi

How fighting fake news hurts free speech

29 September 2020

Ashwanee Budoo

Facebook’s ongoing scramble for Africa

29 September 2020

Toussaint Nothias

Beyond the Dam: Sustaining the Nile Watershed

3 August 2020

Yohannes Woldemariam

#BookClub: East Africa After Liberation

17 July 2020

Jonathan Fisher

#BookClub: Building peace out of diversity and violence

14 June 2020

Elisabeth King and Cyrus Samii

How COVID-19 is putting immunization at risk

15 May 2020

Paulina Hedwig Marie Kellersmann

How can we make research in the "Global South" more ethical?

16 March 2020

The Ethics in Development Research Project

Leaders for a new Africa? A new ISPI Report

24 October 2019

Giovanni Carbone and Camillo Casola

The Puzzle of Ethiopian Politics

2 September 2019

Terrence Lyons

Women appointed to "team Abiy" in Ethiopia

9 November 2018

Bina Fernandez

Podcast: Does Democracy Work for Africa?

5 November 2018

Nic Cheeseman

Ethiopia: An endless emergency?

14 March 2018


Why some African Autocrats love Political Decentralization

23 February 2018

Lovise Aalen and Ragnhild Louise Muriaas