Democracy in Cape Verde

Democracy Ratings

Freedom House 2018


1 out of 7

(where lower scores are more democratic)

Freedom Status:


EIU Democracy Index 2017


3.61 out of 10

(where higher scores are more democratic)

World Ranking:


Polity IV 2016



(from -10 to 10, where higher scores are more democratic)


Full Democracy

Political System

System of Government Semi-Presidential System
Presidential Electoral System Two-round system
Last Presidential Election 2016
Next Presidential Election 2021
Presidential Term Limits Three, five-year terms(If president runs for third term within five years of their second mandate)
System of Appointment to Legislature

Party list proportional representation

Last Legislative Election


Next Legislative Election


Number of Seats in Legislature 72
Female quota, representation in lower house Yes: legislated candidate quotas


Last presidential election (2016)
Candidate (Party) Votes (%)
1st round 2nd Round not Needed
Jorge Carlos Fonseca 74.08
Albertino Graça 22.51
Joaquim Monteiro 3.41


Last legislative election (2016)    
Party Votes (%) Seats
Movement for Democracy 54.48 40
African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde 38.16 29
Democratic and Independent Cape Verdean Union 6.87 3
People’s Party 0.34 0
Social Democratic Party 0.1 0
Labour and Solidarity Party 0.05 0


Cape Verde on DiA

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