Democracy in Republic of Congo

Democracy Ratings

Freedom House 2018


6.5 out of 7

(where lower scores are more democratic)

Freedom Status:

Not Free

EIU Democracy Index 2017


1.61 out of 10

(where higher scores are more democratic)

World Ranking:


Polity IV 2016



(from -10 to 10, where higher scores are more democratic)


Closed Anocracy

Political System

System of Government Presidential
Presidential Electoral System Two-round system
Last Presidential Election 2009
Next Presidential Election 2016
Presidential Term Limits No

(Term limit abolished in 2015)

System of Appointment to Legislature Lower Chamber: elected in single-member constituencies through two-round system

Upper Chamber: indirectly elected through district, regional, and local councils

Last Legislative Election


Next Legislative Election


Number of Seats in Legislature Lower Chamber: 153

Upper Chamber: 66

Female quota, representation in lower house Yes: Legislated candidate quota


Last presidential election (2016)
Candidate (Party) Votes (%)
1st round 2nd round not needed
Denis Sassou Nguesso 60
Guy Brice Parfait Kolélas 15
Jean-Marie Michel Mokoko 14
Pascal Tsaty Mabiala 5
André Okombi Salissa 4
Claudine Munari 2
Joseph Kignoumbi Kia Mboungou 0
Michel Mboussi Ngouari 0
Anguios Nganguia Engabé 0

Last legislative election (2017)    
Party Votes (%) Seats
Congolese Party of Labour 72
Pan-African Union for Social Democracy 3
Dynamic for the Republic and Recovery 0
Action Movement for Renewal 3
Rally for Democracy and Social Progress 2
Union for a People’s Movement 2
Club 2002 PUR 1
Party for Agreement and Political Action 1
Patriotic Front 1
Citizen Rally 1
Union of Democratic Forces 1
Independents 8

DRC on DiA

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