Democracy in Madagascar

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Democracy Ratings

Freedom House 2018

Score:

3.5 out of 7

(where lower scores are more democratic)

Freedom Status:

Partly Free

EIU Democracy Index 2017

Score:

5.11 out of 10

(where higher scores are more democratic)

World Ranking:

=95

Polity IV 2016

Score:

6

(from -10 to 10, where higher scores are more democratic)

Category:

Democracy

 

Political System

System of Government Semi-Presidential
Presidential Electoral System Two-round system
Last Presidential Election 2013
Next Presidential Election 2018
Presidential Term Limits None
System of appointment to legislature

Lower Chamber: first past the post in single member constituencies and closed party lists in two-member constituencies, distributed through highest average.

Upper Chamber: 22 elected by provincial electors and 11 appointed by president.

Last Legislative Election

2013

Next Legislative Election

2018

Number of Seats in Legislature Lower Chamber: 151

Upper Chamber: 33

Female quota, representation in lower house No

Results

Last presidential election (2013)
Candidate (Party) Votes (%)
1st round 2nd round
Hery Rajaonarimampianina 15.93 53.49
Jean Louis Robinson 21.1 46.51
Hajo Herivelona Andrianainarivelo 10.51
Roland Ratsiraka 9
Albert Camille Vital 6.85
Saraha Georget Rabeharisoa 4.5
Edgard Razafindravahy 4.35
Pierrot Rajaonarivelo 2.69
Joseph Martin Randriamampionona 2.32
Benjamin Radavidson Andriamparany 2.23
William Ratrema 2.14
Jean Eugène Voninahitsy 2.13
Julien Razafinmanazato 1.61
Monja Zafitsimivalo Roindefo 1.51
Brigitte Ihantanirina Rabemananantsoa 1.38
Willy Sylvain Rabetsaroana 1.28
Clément Zafisolo Ravalisaona 1.15
Rakoto Andrianirina Fetison 1.1
Tabera Randriamanantsoa 0.89
Laza Razafiarison 0.88
Jean Lahiniriko 0.88
Patrick Rajaonary 0.86
Rakotomaharo Rajemison 0.86
Roland Dieudonne Rabeharison 0.71
Djacoba Alain Tehindrazanarivelo 0.57
Faharo Ratsimbalson 0.54
Patrick Raharimanana 0.43
Mickaël Brechard Dofo 0.34
William Noelson 0.31
Lezava Fleury Rabarison 0.25
Guy Ratrimoarivony 0.24
Jean Pierre Rakoto 0.22
Freddy Tinasoa 0.22

 

Last National Assembly election (2013)    
Party Votes (%) Seats
Together with President Andry Rajoelina 17.3 49
Ravalomanana Movement 10.8 20
Vondrona Politika 8.2 13
Parti Hiaraka Isika 3.8 5
Madagascar Green Party 3.5 2
Economic Liberalism 2.8 5
National Unity, Freedom & Development 1.6 2
Pillar of Madagascar 1 2
Sambo Fiaran’i Noe 0.3 2
303 Ihany Ny Antsika  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

50.6

1
Action for Humanist Development 1
Association Toliara Miaranga 1
Bainga 1
Fanamby 88 1
Fanasina Ho Fampandrosoana 1
FFF 1
Firaisam-Pirenena Ho An Ny Fandrosoana Sy Ny Fahaf 1
Fitarikandro 1
GFFM 1
Harena 1
Les AS 1
Malagasy Labour Party 1
Mampiray Antsika 1
Mientana ho an ny Demokrasia et Madagasikara 1
Mpirahalahy Mian/Ala 1
MTS 1
Papasolo 1
PSD 1
TAMBATRA 1
Tanora Mandray Andraikitra 1
Zanak I Dada 1
Independents 49

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