Democracy in Ghana

Democracy Ratings

Freedom House 2018


1.5 out of 7

(where lower scores are more democratic)

Freedom Status:


EIU Democracy Index 2017


6.69 out of 10

(where higher scores are more democratic)

World Ranking:


Polity IV 2016



(from -10 to 10, where higher scores are more democratic)



Political System

System of Government Presidential
Presidential Electoral System Two-round system
Last Presidential Election 2016
Next Presidential Election 2020
Presidential Term Limits Two, four-year terms
System of appointment to legislature

Single-member constituencies elected through first past the post system

Last Legislative Election


Next Legislative Election


Number of Seats in Legislature 275
Female quota, representation in lower house No


Last presidential election (2016)
Candidate (Party) Votes (%)
1st round 2nd round not needed
Nana Akufo-Addo 53.9
John Dramani Mahama 44.4
Paa Kwesi Nduom 1.0
Ivor Greenstreet 0.2
Edward Mahama 0.2
Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings 0.2
Jacob Osei Yeboah 0.2


Last legislative election (2016)    
Party Votes (%) Seats
New Patriotic Party 53 171
National Democratic Congress 42 104
Progressive People’s Party 2 0
Convention People’s Party 1 0
People’s National Convention 0 0
National Democratic Party 0 0
All People’s Congress 0 0
United Front Party 0.01 0
Democratic People’s Party 0.01 0
Great Consolidated Popular Party 0.01 0
United Progressive Party 0 0
Independents 2.21 0


Ghana on DiA

Who decides who gets to vote in Ghana’s elections?

18 March 2020

Nathalie Raunet Robert-Nicoud

Why Ghana isn’t having an important referendum this week

18 December 2019

Archive of Activism project team

The hidden costs of social media in African elections - the case of Ghana

9 December 2019

Gabrielle Lynch, Elena Gadjanova, Ghadafi Saibu

A deep dive into what drives protests in Ghana

9 October 2019

Lewis Abedi Asante

The State of Democracy in Africa

24 June 2019

Nic Cheeseman

Why are Africa's small countries more democratic?

16 May 2019

Jack Corbett and Wouter Veenendaal 

Is Africa becoming more democratic?

26 May 2017

Nic Cheeseman

Ghana decides: Update on the election

7 December 2016

SJ Cooper-Knock

The state of democracy in Africa

14 August 2015

Nic Cheeseman

NGOs and democracy in Ghana

20 October 2014

Democracy in Africa

Ghana elections: Updates from the ground (part one)

8 December 2012

Sarah Brierley and George Ofosu