Democracy in Gabon

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Democracy Ratings

Freedom House 2018


6 out of 7

(where lower scores are more democratic)

Freedom Status:

Not Free

EIU Democracy Index 2017


3.61 out of 10

(where higher scores are more democratic)

World Ranking:


Polity IV 2016



(from -10 to 10, where higher scores are more democratic)


Open Anocracy

Political System

System of Government Presidential System, with a prime minister
Presidential Electoral System First past the post
Last Presidential Election 2016
Next Presidential Election 2023
Presidential Term Limits No

(removed in 2003)

System of appointment to legislature

Lower Chamber: 111 elected for single-member constituencies, 9 appointed by the head of state.

Upper Chamber: 102 indirectly elected in single-member constituencies by local and departmental councillors.

Last Legislative Election


Next Legislative Election


Number of Seats in Legislature Lower Chamber: 120

Upper Chamber: 102

Female quota, representation in lower house No


Last presidential election (2016)
Candidate (Party) Votes (%)
1st round FPTP System
Ali Bongo Ondimba 49.8
Jean Ping 48.2
Bruno Ben Moubamba 0.5
Raymond Ndong Sima 0.4
Pierre Claver Maganga Moussavou 0.3
Paul Mba Abessole 0.2
Gérard Ella Nguema 0.2
Augustin Moussavou King 0.2
Dieudonné Minlama Mintogo 0.1
Abel Mbombe Nzoudou 0.1


Last legislative election (2011)      
Party   Votes (%) Seats




Republican Majority for Emergence

Gabonese Democratic Party 113
Rally for Gabon 3
Circle of Liberal Reformers 1
Independent Centre Party 1
Democratic and Republican Alliance 0
Morena–Original 0
Rally for Democracy and Progress 0
United Socialist Party 0
Social Democratic Party 1
Union for the New Republic 1
7MP 0
African Forum for Reconstruction 0
Alliance for New Gabon 0
Christian Democratic Bloc 0
Energy of Independent People 0
Gabonese National Party 0
Gabonese Progress Party 0
Gabonese Socialist Union 0
Morena–Boutamba 0
Morena–Mendou 0
National Ecological Party 0
National Union of Blacksmiths 0
Party for Development and Solidarity 0
Union of the Gabonese People 0
Ethiopian Democratic Unity Movement 0
Ethiopian Justice and Democratic Forces Front 0
Ethiopian National Unity Party 0
Ethiopian Peace and Democratic Party 0
Ethiopian Raie Party 0
Ethiopian’s Unity Democratic Organization 0
Geda System Advancement Party 0
Gedeo People Democratic Organization 0
Gumz People’s Democratic Movement 0
Kembata People’s Congress 0
New Generation Party 0
Oromo Liberation Unity Front 0
Oromo People’s Congress 0
Sidama Hadicho People Democratic Organization 0
Sodo Gordona Peoples’ Democratic Organization 0
Tigri Worgi Nationality Democratic Organization 0
Unity for Democracy and Justice 0
Welene People Democratic Party 0
Wolayta People Democratic Front 0
Independents 0
Undeclared 1

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