Democracy in Djibouti

Democracy Ratings

Freedom House 2018


5.5 out of 7

(where lower scores are more democratic)

Freedom Status:

Not Free

EIU Democracy Index 2017


2.76 out of 10

(where higher scores are more democratic)

World Ranking:


Polity IV 2016



(from -10 to 10, where higher scores are more democratic)


Open Anocracy

Political System

System of Government Semi-Presidential system
Presidential Electoral System Two-round system
Last Presidential Election 2016
Next Presidential Election 2021
Presidential Term Limits No

(Abolished in 2010)

System of Appointment to Legislature

52 seats elected through plurality voting in multi-member constituencies

13 elected through proportional representation

Last Legislative Election


Next Legislative Election


Number of Seats in Legislature 65
Female quota, representation in lower house Yes: reserved seats


Last presidential election (2016)
Candidate (Party) Votes (%)
1st round 2nd round not needed
Ismail Omar Guelleh 87.07
Omar Elmi Khaireh 7.34
Mohamed Daoud Chehem 1.83
Mohamed Moussa Ali 1.52
Hassan Idriss Ahmed 1.38
Djama Abdourahman Djama 0.86

Last legislative election (2013)    
Party Votes (%) Seats
Union for the Presidential Majority 61.5 55
Union for National Salvation 35.7 10
Centre of Unified Democrats 2.8 0

Djibouti on DiA

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