Democracy in Democratic Republic of Congo

Democracy Ratings

Freedom House 2018


6.5 out of 7

(where lower scores are more democratic)

Freedom Status:

Not Free

EIU Democracy Index 2017


1.61 out of 10

(where higher scores are more democratic)

World Ranking:


Polity IV 2016



(from -10 to 10, where higher scores are more democratic)


Open Anocracy

Political System

System of Government Semi-Presidential system
Presidential Electoral System First past the post
Last Presidential Election 2011
Next Presidential Election 2018
Presidential Term Limits Two, five-year terms
System of Appointment to Legislature

Lower Chamber: 61 single-member constituencies and 439 elected through multi-member constituencies using open list proportional representation.

Upper Chamber: Indirectly elected using proportional representation through provincial assemblies.

Last Legislative Election


Next Legislative Election


Number of Seats in Legislature Lower Chamber: 500

Upper Chamber: 108

Female quota, representation in lower house Yes: Legislated candidate quotas


Last presidential election (2011)
Candidate (Party) Votes (%)
1st round 2nd round Abolished in 2011
Joseph Kabila 48.95%
Étienne Tshisekedi 32.33%
Vital Kamerhe 7.74%
Léon Kengo 4.95%
Antipas Mbusa 1.72%
Nzanga Mobutu 1.57%
Jean Andeka 0.71%
Adam Bombolé 0.70%
François Nicéphore Kakese 0.51%
Josué Alex Mukendi 0.43%
Oscar Kashala 0.40%


Last legislative election (2011)    
Party Votes First round (%) Seats
People’s Party for Reconstruction and Democracy (PPRD) 62
Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS) 41
People’s Party for Peace and Democracy (PPPD) 29
Social Movement for Renewal (MSR) 27
Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) 22
Unified Lumumbist Party (PALU) 19
Union for the Congolese Nation (UNC) 17
Alliance for Renewal in Congo (ARC) 16
Alliance of the Democratic Forces of Congo (AFDC) 15
Rally for the Reconstruction of Congo (RRC) 11
Awakening of Consciousness for Work and Development (ECT) 11
Movement for the Integrity of the People (MIP) 10
Christian Democratic Party (PDC) 7
Union for the Development of the Comoros (UPDC) 7
Congolese Rally for Democracy (RCD)- Kisangani-Liberation Movement (K-ML) 6
National Union of Democratic Federalists (UNADEF) 6
Union of Nationalist Federalists of Congo (UNAFEC) 6
Other parties 172
Independents 16

Democratic Republic of Congo on DiA

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