Democracy in Angola

Democracy Ratings

Freedom House 2018


6 out of 7

(where lower scores are more democratic)

Freedom Status:

Not Free

EIU Democracy Index 2017


3.62 out of 10

(where higher scores are more democratic)

World Ranking:


Polity IV 2016



(from -10 to 10, where higher scores are more democratic)


Closed Anocracy


Political System

System of Government Presidential
Presidential Electoral System First past the post
Last Presidential Election 2012
Next Presidential Election 2017
Presidential Term Limits Two, five-year terms
System of Appointment to Legislature

Closed list proportional representation

90 from 18 five-seat constituencies

130 from a single, nationwide constituency

Last Legislative Election


Next Legislative Election


Number of Seats in Legislature 220
Female quota, representation in lower house Yes: legislated candidate quotas


Last presidential election (1992)
Candidate (Party) Votes (%)
1st round 2nd round
José Eduardo dos Santos (MPLA) 49.57 Not held due to UNITA boycott
Jonas Savimbi (UNITA) 40.07


Last legislative election (2008)    
Party Votes (%) Seats
Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola  (MPLA) 81.64 191
National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) 10.39


Social Renewal Party (PRS) 3.17 8
National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA) 1.11 3
New Democracy Electoral Union (coalition) (ND) 1.2 2


Angola on DiA

Taking lives: Living in Kleptoland?

16 February 2022

Khadija Sharife

Sino-Angolan relations: Old oil and new politics

1 November 2021

Dominik Kopiński

How popular is China in Africa? And how do people think about its role?

23 September 2021

Folashade Soule & Edem E. Selormey

Leaders for a new Africa? A new ISPI Report

24 October 2019

Giovanni Carbone and Camillo Casola

Africa in 2017: The political road ahead

23 January 2017

Nic Cheeseman

Rafael Marques free

22 May 2015

SJ Cooper-Knock

Urgent: Support Rafael Marques

21 May 2015

SJ Cooper-Knock

Angolan elections: in review

30 May 2013

Paula Cristina Roque

Angola: At the polls and beyond

31 August 2012

Paula Cristina Roque

The Presidential Succession in Angola: When, Who and How?

3 February 2012

Rafael Marques de Morais

The Struggle for Democracy in Angola

17 January 2012

Justin Pearce

Pro-Democracy Protests in Angola

7 December 2011

Nic Cheeseman

Corruption and Democracy in Angola

17 October 2011

Rafael Marques de Morais

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