NEW FOR 2020: The Decolonizing the Academy Reading List

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DECOLONIZING THE ACADEMY
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In response to requests from colleagues and friends, some of whom said that they wanted to diversify their course material but were not always sure how to do so, we have assembled this set of readings on African Politics – the Decolonizing the Academy Reading List.

This reading list was collated in 2015 in solidarity with those who are currently attempting to decolonise the academy. We have updated it for 2020 to reflect our continued commitment to this goal, and our support for the #BlackInTheIvory and #BlackLivesMatter movements. To be clear, our efforts here are simply to make available as many sources as possible written by African scholars. The list has been crowd sourced, so if someone is not included, that is just because they have not been proposed. We welcome your recommendations of outstanding scholarship to add to this bibliography – please make them via the comments section at the end.

You can download a PDF of the reading list here: Decolonizing the Academy – The African Politics Reading List 2020.

NB: Currently, this list focuses on English translations and texts but we are in the midst of developing lists in other languages and would welcome your suggestions below.

Decolonization, Global Knowledge Inequalities & Research Methods
  • Asongu, S.A., Orim, S.M.I. and Nting, R.T., 2019. Inequality, information technology and inclusive education in sub-Saharan Africa. Technological Forecasting and Social Change146, pp.380-389.
  • Chelwa, G., 2017, February. Does Economics Have an ‘Africa Problem’? Some Data and Preliminary Thoughts. In African Perspectives on Global Corruption Conference, Johannesburg (Vol. 22).
  • Elu, J., 2018. Gender and Science Education in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of African Development20(2), pp.105-110.
  • Emeagwali, G., and G. J. Sefa Dei. 2014. African indigenous knowledge and the disciplines. Springer.
  • Falola, T., 2001. Nationalism and African intellectuals. University Rochester Press.
  • Kwoba, B., Chantiluke, R., & Nkopo, A. (Eds.). 2018. Rhodes must fall: The struggle to decolonise the racist heart of empire. Zed Books Ltd.
  • Mamdani, M., 2016. Between the public intellectual and the scholar: Decolonization and some post-independence initiatives in African higher education. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies17(1), pp.68-83.
  • Mbembe, A. and Rendall, S., 2002. African modes of self-writing. Public culture14(1), pp.239-273.
  • Mbembe, A. 2015. “Decolonizing knowledge and the question of the archive.”
  • Mbembe, A., 2017. Critique of black reason. Duke University Press.
  • Medie, P.A. and Kang, A.J., 2018. Power, knowledge and the politics of gender in the Global South. European Journal of Politics and Gender1(1-2), pp.37-53.
  • Mwambari, D. 2019., ‘Local Positionality in the Production of Knowledge in Northern Uganda.’  International Journal of Qualitative Methods, online, 2 August 2019: https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1609406919864845
  • Ndelu, S., S. Dlakavu, and B. Boswell. 2017. “Womxn’s and nonbinary activists’ contribution to the RhodesMustFall and FeesMustFall student movements: 2015 and 2016.” Agenda, 31:3-4, 1-4.
  • Ndlovu, M., 2018. Coloniality of knowledge and the challenge of creating African futures. Ufahamu: A Journal of African Studies40(2).
  • Ndlovu-Gatsheni, S.J., 2019. Revisiting the African Renaissance. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Nyamnjoh, F. B. 2016. #RhodesMustFall: Nibbling at resilient colonialism in South Africa. Langaa RPCIG.
  • Nyamnjoh, F. B. 2019. “Decolonizing the University in Africa.” In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics
  • Ofosu, G.K., 2019. Experimental research in African politics. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Ogunyankin, G.A., 2019. Postcolonial Approaches to the Study of African Politics. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Wa Thiong’o, N. 1981. Decolonising the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature. Oxford: James Currey.
  • Mangcu, X., 2016. Decolonizing South African sociology: Building on a shared “text of Blackness”. Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race13(1), pp.45-59.
African Political Thought
  • Achebe, C., 1984. The trouble with Nigeria. Heinemann.
  • Adi, H. and M. Sherwood. 2003. Pan-African History. New York: Routledge.
  • Ani, M. Y. 1994. An African Centred Critique of European Cultural Thought and Behavior. Trenton NJ: Africa World.
  • Appiah, K.A., 2010. Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers (Issues of Our Time). WW Norton & Company.
  • Appiah, K.A., 2010. The ethics of identity. Princeton University Press.
  • Biko, S. 1978. I write what I like.” London: Bowerdean.
  • Busia, A.P., 2006. What is Africa to me? Knowledge possession, knowledge production, and the health of our bodies politic in Africa and the Africa diaspora. African studies review, 49(01), pp.15-30.
  • Busia, K. A. (1967). Africa in search of democracy. Praeger.
  • Cabral, A., 1979. Unity and struggle: speeches and writings. Monthly Review Press.
  • Coetzee, P. H. and A.P.J. Roux. 2004. The African Philosophy Reader. London: Routledge.
  • Diop, C.A., 1959. Cultural unity of black Africa. Third World.
  • Diop, C.A., 1989. The African origin of civilization: Myth or reality. Chicago Review Press.
  • Fanon, F., 1965. The wretched of the earth(Vol. 390). Grove Press.
  • Fanon, F., 1967. A dying colonialism. Grove Press.
  • Fanon, F. and Maspero, F., 1970. Toward the African revolution. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
  • Fanon, F., 2008. Black skin, white masks. Grove press.
  • Gordon, L. 1997. Existence in Black: An Anthology of Black Existential Philosophy. New York: Routledge.
  • Mandela, R. N. 1990. The Struggle is my Life. New York: Pathfinder.
  • Mangcu, X. 2013. Biko: A Biography. New York: IB Tauris.
  • Mboya, T., 1970. The challenge of nationhood: a collection of speeches and writings(Vol. 81). Heinemann International Inc..
  • Mkandawire, T. 2001. “African Intellectuals and Nationalism in the Changing Global Context”. Australasian Review of African Studies 23(1):11-37.
  • Mbembe, A. 1992. “The Banality of Power and the Aesthetics of Vulgarity in the Postcolony”. Public Culture. 4(2): 1-30.
  • Mbembé,  A. 2001. On the Postcolony. Univ of California Press.
  • Mbembe, A. and L. Meintjes. 2003. Necropolitics. Public Culture. 15(1): 11-40.
  • Mbembe, A. 2005. “Sovereignty as a Form of Expenditure” in Sovereign Bodies: Citizens, Migrants, and States in the Postcolonial World, edited by Thomas Blom Hansen and Finn Stepputat, 148-166.
  • Mbembe, A. 2006. “On Politics as a Form of Expenditure” in Law and Disorder in the Postcolony, edited by Jean Comaroff and John Comaroff, 299-335.
  • Mbembe, A. 2006. “On the Postcolony: A Brief Response To Critics”. African identities 4(2): 143-178.
  • Mudimbe, V. Y. 1988. The Invention of Africa: Prognosis, Philosophy and the Order of Knowlegde.Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • Nkrumah, K. 1970. Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology for De-Colonisation. First Modem.
  • Nkrumah, Kwame. Ghana: the autobiography of Kwame Nkrumah. Intl Pub, 1971.
  • Nyerere, J. 1986. Freedom and Unity: A Selection from Writings and Speeches, 1952-65. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Odinga, O., and K. Nkrumah. 1967. Not Yet Uhuru: The Autobiography of Oginga Odinga.
  • Sankara, T. 2010. Thomas Sankara Speaks: The Burkina Faso Revolution, 1983-1987. New York: Pathfinder Press.
  • Senghor, L.S. 1974. ‘Negritude’ Indian Literature. 269-273.
  • Shivji, I.G., 1989. The concept of human rights in Africa. African Books Collective.
Pre-colonial Politics, Slavery and the Role of Traditional leaders
  • Ayittey, G., 2006. Indigenous African Institutions. Brill.
  • Bob-Milliar, G. M. 2009. Chieftaincy, diaspora, and development: The institution of Nksuohene in Ghana. African Affairs. 108 (433): 541-558.
  • Chigudu, D. 2015. Assessing Policy Initiatives on Traditional Leadership to Promote Electoral Democracy in Southern Africa. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 6(1):120.
  • Diop, C.H. 1989. The African Origin of Civilisation: Myth or Reality.Chicago Review Press.
  • Kenyatta, J. 1961. Facing Mount Kenya: The Tribal Life of the Gikuyu. London: Mercury Books.
  • Mbodj, M. 1993. “The Abolition of Slavery in Senegal, 1820-1890: Crisis or the Rise of a New Entrepreneurial Class?” Breaking the Chains: Slavery, Bondage, and Emancipation in Modern Africa and Asia. 197-211.
  • Ntsebeza, L. 2004. “Democratic Decentralisation and Traditional Authority: Dilemmas of Land Administration in Rural South Africa.” The European Journal of Development Research. 16(1): 71-89.
  • Ntsebeza, L. 2005. Democracy Compromised: Chiefs and the Politics of the Land in South Africa. Leiden: Brill.
  • Plaatje, S. T. 2008. Native Life in South Africa.Blackmask Online.
  • Rodney, W. 1966. African Slavery and Other Forms of Social Oppression on the Upper Guinea Coast in the Context of the Atlantic Slave-trade. The Journal of African History. 7(03): 431-443.
  • Samatar, A. I. 1992. Destruction of state and society in Somalia: Beyond the tribal convention. Journal of Modern African Studie.30(04):625-641.
 Nationalism, Pan Africanism, and Anti-colonial Struggles
  • Barnett, D.L. and K. Njama. 1968. Mau Mau From Within.
  • Cabral, A., 1970. National liberation and culture(No. 57). Syracuse University.
  • Cabral, A., 1974. Revolution in Guinea: an African people’s struggle: selected texts. Stage 1.
  • Chinodya, S. 1990. Harvest of Thorns.
  • Fanon, F., 1965. The wretched of the earth(Vol. 390). Grove Press.
  • Fanon, F., 1967. A dying colonialism. Grove Press.
  • Fanon, F. and Maspero, F., 1970. Toward the African revolution(p. 107). Harmondsworth: Penguin.
  • Langa, M. 2014. The Texture of Shadows.
  • Mkandawire, T. 2002. “The Terrible Toll of Post-Colonial “Rebel Movements” in Africa: Toward an Explanation of the Violence Against the Peasantry.” Journal of Modern African Studies. 40(2): 181-215.
  • Mustapha, A.R., 1986. The national question and radical politics in Nigeria. Review of African Political Economy13(37), pp.81-96.
  • Nkrumah, K. 1971. Ghana: The Autobiography of Kwame Nkrumah. International Publishers.
  • Nyerere, J. 1986. Freedom and Unity: A Selection from Writings and Speeches, 1952-65. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Odinga, O., and K. Nkrumah. 1967. Not Yet Uhuru: The Autobiography of Oginga Odinga.
  • Rutanga, M. 1991. Nyabingi Movement: People’s Anti-Colonial Struggles in Kigezi, 1910-1930. CBR Working Paper Series. Centre for Basic Research.
  • Sankara, Thomas. 2010. Thomas Sankara Speaks: The Burkina Faso Revolution 1983-1987. New York: Pathfinders.
  • Sembène, O. 1960. Gods Bits of Wood. Le Livre Contemporain.
  • Senghor, L.S. 2004. “Negritude and African Socialism” in The African Philosophy Reader. London: Routledge, edited by P. Coetzee et al, 438-447.
  • Soyinka, W. 2002. Death and the King’s Horseman. WW Norton & Company.
  • Vera, Y. 2002. The Stone Virgins.
Citizenship and Statehood
  • Adebanwi, W. 2009. Terror, territoriality and the struggle for indigeneity and citizenship in Northern Nigeria. Citizenship studies. 13(4): 349-363.
  • Bezabeh, S. A. 2011. Citizenship and the Logic of Sovereignty in Djibouti. African Affairs, 110(441). 587-606.
  • Diouf, M. 1998. “The French Colonial Policy of Assimilation and the Civility of the Originaires of the Four Communes (Senegal): A Nineteenth Century Globalization Project. Development and Change. 29(4): 671-696.
  • Diouf, M., and S. Rendall. 2000. “The Senegalese Murid trade diaspora and the making of a vernacular cosmopolitanism.” Public Culture.12(3): 679-702.
  • Ekeh, P.P. 1975. “Colonialism and the Two Publics in Africa: A Theoretical Statement.” Comparative Studies in Society and History.17(01): 91-112.
  • Ekeh, P.P. 1990. “Social Anthropology and Two Contrasting Uses of Tribalism in Africa.” Comparative Studies in Society and History32(04): 660-700.
  • Emecheta, B. 1994. Second-class citizen. Heinemann.
  • Golooba‐Mutebi, F. 2004. Reassessing Popular Participation in Uganda. Public Administration and Development. 24(4): 289-304.
  • Karekwaivanane, G. H. 2011. ‘It Shall be the Duty of Every African to Obey and Comply Promptly’: Negotiating State Authority in the Legal Arena, Rhodesia 1965–1980. Journal of Southern African Studies, 37(02): 333-349.
  • Mahmood, M. 2001. “Beyond Settler and Native as Political Identities: Overcoming the Political Legacy of Colonialism.” Comparative Studies in Society and History43(4): 651–64.
  • Mamdani, M. 1996. “From Conquest to Consent as the Basis of State Formation: Reflections on Rwanda”. New Left Review, 216: 3–36.
  • Mamdani, M. 1996. Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism. Pinceton: Princeton University Press.
  • Mbembe, A., 2001. On the postcolony. Univ of California Press.
  • Mustapha, A. R.. 1986. “The National Question and Radical Politics in Nigeria.” Review of African Political Economy.13(37): 81-96.
  • Ndegwa, S. N. 1997. “Citizenship and Ethnicity: An Examination of Two Transition Moments in Kenyan Politics.” American Political Science Review. 91(03): 599-616.
  • Nyamnjoh, F. B. 2005. Africa’s Media: Democracy and the Politics of Belonging. London: Zed Books.
  • Nyamnjoh, F. B. 2006. Insiders and Outsiders: Citizenship and Xenophobia in Contemporary Southern Africa. Zed Books.
  • Nzongola-Ntalaja, G. 2007. “The Politics of Citizenship in the Democratic Republic of Congo” in Making Nations, Creating Strangers: States and Citizenship in Africa, edited by Sarah Rich Dorman et al, 69-80.
  • Pailey, R.N., 2019. Women, Equality, and Citizenship in Contemporary Africa. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Rubongoya, J.B., 2007. Reconstructing the State: Challenges of Legitimacy and Power Consolidation. In Regime Hegemony in Museveni’s Uganda (pp. 59-93). Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
  • Samatar, A. and A.I. Samatar. 2002. The African State: Reconsiderations. London: Heinemann.
  • Samatar, A. I. 2004. Ethiopian Federalism: Autonomy Versus Control in the Somali Region. Third World Quarterly. 25(6):1131-1154.
Social Movements and Civil Society
  • Ekeh, P. “Colonialism and the Two Publics in Africa: A Theoretical Statement”,Comparative Studies in Society and History.17:91-112.
  • Gyimah-Boadi. E. 1996. ‘Civil Society in Africa’. Journal of Democracy. 7(2): 118-32.
  • Gyimah-Boadi, E. 2004. “Civil society and Democratic Development.” Democratic Reform in Africa: The Quality of Progress, edited by E. Gyimah-Boadi, 99.
  • Habib, A. 2005. State-civil Society Relations in Post-apartheid South Africa. Social Research. 72(3):671-692.
  • Kanyinga, K., 2011. Stopping a conflagration: The response of Kenyan civil society to the post-2007 election violence. Politikon38(1), pp.85-109.
  • Maundeni, Z. 2004. Civil Society, Politics and the State in Botswana. Medi Publishing.
  • Mbali, M. 2004. “AIDS Discourses and the South African State: Government Denialism and Post-apartheid AIDS Policy-making. Transformation”: Critical Perspectives on Southern Africa. 54(1):104-122.
  • Mbali, M. 2013. South African AIDS activism and global health politics. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Murunga, G.R. 2000. “Civil Society and the Democratic Experience in Kenya.” African Sociological Review/Revue Africaine de Sociologie.4(1): 97-118.
  • Mustapha, A.R., 2012. Introduction The ‘Missing’Concept: What is the ‘Public Sphere’Good for?. Africa Development37(1), pp.1-9.
  • Nzongola-Ntalaja, G. 2002. The Congo: From Leopold to Kabila: A People’s History. Lonson: Zed Books.
  • Oloka‐Onyango, J., and J.J. Barya. 1997. Civil Society and the Political Economy of Foreign Aid in Uganda. Democratization. 4(2):113-138.
  • Oloka-Onyango, J. 2002. Reinforcing Marginalized Rights in an Age of Globalization: International Mechanisms, Non-State Actors, and the Struggle for People’s Rights in Africa. American University International Law Review.18:851.
Democracy, Elections and Parties
  • Adebayo, J.O., 2016. Fostering nonviolent elections in Africa through conflict-sensitive reportage of elections. African Security Review25(3), pp.303-315.
  • Ake, Claude. Democratization of Disempowerment in Africa. Lagos: Malthouse Press.
  • Ake, C. 2001. Democracy and Development in Africa. Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.
  • Ake, C. 2000. The Feasibility of Democracy in Africa. African Books Collective.
  • Alieno, A. 2007. “Mungiki: “Neo-Mau Mau” and the Prospects for Democracy in Kenya’”. Review of African Political Economy. 34(113):526-531.
  • Asante, R., 2019. Social Capital and Democracy in Africa. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Bob-Milliar, G.M., 2012. Political party activism in Ghana: factors influencing the decision of the politically active to join a political party. Democratization19(4), pp.668-689.
  • Bob-Milliar, G.M. and Bob-Milliar, G.K., 2010. The economy and intra-party competition: presidential primaries in the New Patriotic Party of Ghana. African Review of Economics and Finance1(2), pp.51-71.
  • Bob-Milliar, G.M., 2012. Party factions and power blocs in Ghana: a case study of power politics in the National Democratic Congress. The Journal of Modern African Studies, pp.573-601.
  • Bob-Milliar, G.M., 2019. Place and party organizations: party activism inside party-branded sheds at the grassroots in northern Ghana. Territory, Politics, Governance7(4), pp.474-493.
  • Bob-Milliar, G.M., 2019. Activism of Political Parties in Africa. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Chigudu, D. 2015. Foreign Election Observers in Africa: Towards an Obligations-Based Approach. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 6(1):272.
  • Daddieh, C.K. and Bob-Milliar, G.M., 2014. Ghana: the African exemplar of an institutionalized two-party system?. In Party systems and democracy in Africa (pp. 107-128). Palgrave Macmillan, London.
  • Daddieh, C.K. and Bob-Milliar, G.M., 2012. In search of ‘Honorable’membership: parliamentary primaries and candidate selection in Ghana. Journal of Asian and African Studies47(2), pp.204-220.
  • Gazibo, M., 2002. Neo-Institutionalism in Comparative Analysis of Democratization Processes. Politics and societies , 21 (3), pp.139-160.
  • Gazibo, M., 2005. The paradoxes of democratization in Africa: institutional and strategic analysis . PUM.
  • Gazibo, M. 2005. Foreign aid and democratization: Benin and Niger compared. African Studies Review , 48 (3), pp.67-87.
  • Gazibo, M., 2019. Democracy and the Question of Its Feasibility in Africa. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Gondwe, G., 2020. Agenda-Setting theory in African contexts: A Jekyll and Hyde in the Zambian Presidential elections. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development7(5), pp.93-100.
  • Van Gyampo, R.E. and Anyidoho, N.A., 2019. Youth Politics in Africa. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Kefale, A., 2011. The (un) making of opposition coalitions and the challenge of democratization in Ethiopia, 1991–2011. Journal of Eastern African Studies5(4), pp.681-701.
  • Kanyinga, K., 2018. Elections without constitutionalism: votes, violence, and democracy gaps in Africa. African Journal of Democracy and Governance5(4), pp.147-168.
  • Kiwuwa, D. 2012. Ethnic Politics and Democratic Transition in Rwanda. London: Routledge.
  • Makara, S., L. Rakner and L. Svåsand. 2009. Turnaround: The National Resistance Movement and the Reintroduction of a Multiparty System in Uganda. International Political Science Review. 30(2):185-204.
  • Mandela, R.N. 1994. A Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela. London: Bayback Books.
  • Mano, W. and Ndlela, M.N., 2020. Introduction: Social Media, Political Cultures and Elections in Africa. In Social Media and Elections in Africa, Volume 2 (pp. 1-7). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
  • Mangcu, X. 2005. The Meaning of Mandela (essays by Wole Soyinka, Cornel West, Henry Louis Gates Jr.) Johannesburg: HSRC Press.
  • Mangcu, X. 2008. To the Brink: The State of Democracy in South Africa. Durban: UKZN Press.
  • Mengisteab, K., 2019. Traditional Institutions of Governance in Africa. In N. Cheeseman ed.,  Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Murunga, G. R., and Shadrack W. Nasong’o. 2007. Kenya: The Struggle for Democracy. London: Zed Books.
  • Murunga, G. 2002. “A Critical Look at Kenya’s Non-transition to Democracy.” Journal of Third World Studies.19(2): 89.
  • Murunga, G. et al (eds). 2014. Kenya the Struggle for a New Constitutional Order. London: Zed books and NAI.
  • Mustapha, A.R., 2007. Institutionalising ethnic representation: How effective is the Federal Character Commission in Nigeria? (Vol. 43). London: Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity.
  • Mustapha, A.R., 2015. Assessing Trends in African Democratization: Methods and Challenges. In Democratic Renewal in Africa (pp. 21-41). Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
  • Mustapha, A.R., 2012. The public sphere in 21st century Africa: Broadening the horizons of democratisation. Africa Development37(1), pp.27-41.
  • Mustapha, A.R., 2011. Seeking representativeness: Affirmative action in Nigeria and South Africa compared. In Overcoming the persistence of inequality and poverty (pp. 251-276). Palgrave Macmillan, London.
  • Muzondidya, J. 2013. “The Opposition Dilemma in Zimbabwe: A Critical Review of the Politics of the Move.” In The Hard Road to Reform: The Politics of Zimbabwe’s Global Political Agreement, edited by Brian Raftopoulos, 39–70.
  • Mwenda, A. M. 2007. Personalizing Power in Uganda. Journal of Democracy.18(3): 23-37.
  • N’Diaye, B. 2006. “Mauritania, August 2005: Justice and Democracy, or Just Another Coup?.” African Affairs.105(420): 421-441.
  • Ndegwa, Stephen N. 2003. “Kenya: Third Time Lucky?.” Journal of Democracy. 14(3): 145-158.
  • Ndlela, M.N., 2020. Social Media Algorithms, Bots and Elections in Africa. In Social Media and Elections in Africa, Volume 1 (pp. 13-37). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
  • Ndulo, M., 2019. Constitutions and Constitutional Reforms in African Politics. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Nyabola, N., 2018. Digital democracy, analogue politics: How the Internet era is transforming politics in Kenya. Zed Books Ltd..
  • Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges. 1984. “Bureaucracy, Elite, New Class: Who Serves Whom and Why in Mobutu’s Zaire?”Canadian Journal of African Studies/La Revue Canadienne Des Études Africaines.18(1): 99–102.
  • Olukoshi, A. O. 1998. The Politics of Opposition in Contemporary Africa. Nordic Africa Institute.
  • Olugbemiga Afolabi, S., 2017. Interrogating the Credibility of Elections in Africa: Implications for Democracy, Good Governance and Peace?. Journal of Pan African Studies10(1).
  • Omotola, J. S. 2010. Elections and democratic transition in Nigeria under the Fourth Republic. African Affairs. 109 (437):535-553.
  • Opalo, K., 2012. African elections: Two divergent trends. Journal of Democracy23(3), pp.80-93.
  • Opalo, K., 2014. The long road to institutionalization: the Kenyan Parliament and the 2013 elections. Journal of Eastern African Studies8(1), pp.63-77.
  • Opalo, K., 2019. Constrained Presidential Power in Africa? Legislative Independence and Executive Rule Making in Mustapha, A.R., 1986. The national question and radical politics in Nigeria. Review of African Political Economy13(37), pp.81-96.Kenya, 1963–2013. British Journal of Political Science, pp.1-18.
  • Opalo, K., 2019. Legislative Development in Africa: Politics and Postcolonial Legacies. Cambridge University Press.
  • Opalo, K., 2019. The Rise of the African Legislature?. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Osoba, S. 1977. “The Nigerian Political Elite: 1952-1965.” in African Social Studies, edited by P. Gutkind and P. Waterman. London: Heinemann.
  • Owusu, M. 1992. ‘Democracy and Africa: A View from the Village’, Journal of Modern African Studies. 30(3).369-396.
  • Poku, Nana and Anna Mdee 2011. Politics in Africa: A New Introduction. London, Zed.
  • Prempeh, H. K. 2008. “Presidents Untamed.” Journal of Democracy.19(2):109-123.
  • Rubongoya, J.B., 2019. Hegemonic Political Regimes in Africa. In N.Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Tendi, B.M. 2014. “The Origins and Functions of Demonisation Discourses in Britain–Zimbabwe Relations (2000–).” Journal of Southern African Studies. 1–19.
  • Ugochukwu Nwosu B. 2012. ‘Tracks of the Third Wave: Democracy Theory, Democratisation and the Dilemma of Political Succession in Africa’. Review of African Political Economy. 39(131): 11-25.
  • Usman, Z. and Owen, O., 2015. Why Goodluck Jonathan Lost the Nigerian Presidential Election of 2015. African Affairs, p.adv037.
  • Wamba-dia-Wamba, E. 1992. “Beyond Elite Politics of Democracy in Africa.” Quest: An International African Journal of Philosophy. 6.1:29-42.
  • Zamchiya, P. 2013. The MDC-T’s (Un) Seeing Eye in Zimbabwe’s 2013 Harmonised Elections: A Technical Knockout. Journal of Southern African Studies. 39(4): 955-962.
  • Zeydanli, T., 2017. Elections and Subjective Living Conditions in Sub‐Saharan Africa. African Development Review29(4), pp.545-561.
The Politics of Ethnicity
  • Ake, C. 1993. “What is the Problem of Ethnicity in Africa.” Transformation: Critical Perspectives on Southern Africa.22: 1-14.
  • Ake, C. “A World of Political Ethnicity.” inThe Historical Dimension of Development, Change and Conflict in the South, edited by R. Berg (et al).
  • Habyarimana, J., M. Humphreys, D.N. Posner, and J.M. Weinstein. 2004. Ethnic Identifiability: An Experimental Approach. Los Angeles: University of California.
  • Kanyinga, K., 1994. Ethnicity, Patronage and Class in a Local Arena:“High “and “Low “politics in Kiambu, Kenya, 1982–92. The New Local Level Politics in East Africa, p.66.
  • Kanyinga, K., 2009. The legacy of the white highlands: Land rights, ethnicity and the post-2007 election violence in Kenya. Journal of Contemporary African Studies27(3), pp.325-344.
  • Langer, A., A.R. Mustapha, A. R., and F. Stewart. 2009. Diversity and Discord: Ethnicity, Horizontal Inequalities and Conflict in Ghana and Nigeria. Journal of International Development. 21(4):477-482.
  • Mafeje, A. 1971. “The Ideology of ‘Tribalism.’” The Journal of Modern African Studies.9(2):253–61.
  • Mamdani, M. 2012. Define and Rule: Native as Political Identity. Johannesburg: Wits University Press.
  • Murunga, G.R. and S. W. Nasong’o. 2006. “Bent on self-destruction: The Kibaki regime in Kenya.” Journal of Contemporary African Studies.24(1). 1-28.
  • Mustapha, A. R. 2009. Institutionalising ethnic representation: How effective is affirmative action in Nigeria? Journal of International Development. 21(4): 561-576.
  • Mustapha, A. R. “Ethnicity and the Politics of Democratization in Nigeria.” in Ethnicity and Democracy in Africa, edited by Bruce Berman (et al).
  • Mwangi Kagwanja. P, 2003. “Facing Mount Kenya or Facing Mecca? The Mungiki, Ethnic Violence and the Politics of the Moi Succession in Kenya, 1987-2002”. African Affairs. 102(406): 25-49.
  • Osaghae, E. E. 1998. “Managing Multiple Minority Problems in a Divided Society: The Nigerian Experience.” The Journal of Modern African Studies.36(1): 1–24.
  • Osaghae, E. E. 1995. Structural Adjustment and Ethnicity in Nigeria. 98. Nordic Africa Institute.
  • Samatar, A. I. 1997. Leadership and Ethnicity in the Making of African State Models: Botswana versus Somalia. Third World Quarterly, 18(4): 687-708.
  • Ukiwo, U. 2005. The Study of Ethnicity in Nigeria. Oxford Development Studies. 33(1): 7-23.
The Politics of Religion
  • Addo, E. O. 1997. Kwame Nkrumah: A Case Study of Religion and Politics in Ghana. University Press of America.
  • Ahmed, A.C., 1999. Islam et politique aux Comores: évolution de l’autorité spirituelle depuis le protectorat français (1886) jusqu’à nos jours.
  • Babou, C.A., 2007. Fighting the Greater Jihad: Amadu Bamba and the Founding of the Muridiyya of Senegal, 1853–1913. Ohio University Press.
  • Chome, N., 2019. From Islamic reform to Muslim activism: The evolution of an Islamist ideology in Kenya. African Affairs.
  • Mbiti, J. S. 1990. African Religions and Philosophy. New York: Heinemann.
  • Mustapha, A. R. (ed). 2014. Sects and Social Disorder: Muslim Identities & Conflict in Northern Nigeria. Rochester: Boydell and Brewer Ltd.
  • Mustapha, A. R. 2014. Understanding Boko Haram. Sects & Social Disorder: Muslim Identities & Conflict in Northern Nigeria, edited by Raufu Mustapha, 147 – 198.
  • Mwaura, P. N., and D.S. Parsitau. 2012. Perceptions of Women’s Health and Rights in Christian New Religious Movements in Kenya. African Traditions in the Study of Religion in Africa: Emerging Trends, Indigenous Spirituality and the Interface with Other World Religionsedited by A. Adogame (et al), 175 – 185.
  • Kane, O., 2003. Muslim modernity in postcolonial Nigeria: A study of the society for the removal of innovation and reinstatement of tradition.
  • Parsitau, D. S. 2008. “Sounds of Change and Reform: The Appropriation of Gospel Music and Dance in Political Discourses in Kenya”. Studies in World Christianity. 14(1): 55-72.
  • Sherrif, A. 2010. Dhow Cultures and the Indian Ocean: Cosmopolitanism, Commerce and Islam. Columbia University Press and Zanzibar Indian Ocean Research Institute.
  • Tayob, A., 1999. Islam in South Africa: mosques, imams, and sermons. University Press of Florida.
  • Tarusarira, J., and G. Ganiel. 2012. Religion, Secular Democracy and Conflict Resolution in Zimbabwe. The Ashgate Research Companion to Religion and Conflict Resolution, 99-117.
  • Tayob, A. 2008. Islamic Politics in South Africa between Identity and Utopia. South African Historical Journal. 60(4): 583-599.
  • Ukah, A. F. 2007. African Christianities: Features, Promises and Problems. Working Paper 79. Johannes Gutenbertg-Universität.
  • Umar, M.S., 2006. Islam and Colonialism: intellectual responses of Muslims of Northern Nigeria to British colonial rule(Vol. 5). Brill.
The Politics of Gender and Youth
  • Abdullah, H.J. and Fofana-Ibrahim, A., 2010. The Meaning and Practice of Women’s Empowerment in Post-conflict Sierra Leone. Development, 53(2), pp.259-266.
  • Adichie, C. N. 2014. We Should All Be Feminists. New York: Vintage.
  • Alidou, O.D., 2005. Engaging modernity: Muslim women and the politics of agency in postcolonial Niger. Univ of Wisconsin Press.
  • Amadiume, I. 1987. Male Daughters, Female Husbands: Gender and Sex in an African Society. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Amadiume, I. 1997. Re-inventing Africa: Matriarchy, religion and culture. London: Zed Books.
  • Amadiume, I. 2000. “Daughters of the Goddess, Daughters of Imperialism African Women Struggle for Culture, Power and Democracy.” London: Zed Books.
  • Asongu, S.A. and Odhiambo, N.M., 2020. Inequality and gender inclusion: Minimum ICT policy thresholds for promoting female employment in Sub-Saharan Africa. Telecommunications Policy44(4), p.101900.
  • Bennett, J., and H. Chigudu. 2012. Researching Sexuality with Young Women: Southern Africa. Feminist Africa. 17:1-7.
  • Dendere, C., 2018. Finding Women in the Zimbabwean Transition. Meridians17(2), pp.376-381.
  • Diouf, M. (2003) “Engaging Postcolonial Cultures: African Youth and Public Space.” African Studies Review. 46(02): 1-12.
  • Elu, J., 2018. Gender and Science Education in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of African Development20(2), pp.105-110.
  • Van Gyampo, R.E. and Anyidoho, N.A., 2019. Youth Politics in Africa. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Hassim, S., 2006. Women’s organizations and democracy in South Africa: contesting authority. Univ of Wisconsin Press.
  • Imam, A., A. Mama, and F. Sow (eds). 1997. Engendering African Social Sciences. Dakar: CODESRIA.
  • Kanyinga, K. and Njoka, J.M., 2002. The role of youth in politics: the social praxis of party politics among the urban Lumpen in Kenya. African Journal of sociology4(2).
  • Khadiagala, L., 2001. The failure of popular justice in Uganda: Local councils and women’s property rights. Development and change, 32(1), pp.55-76.
  • Mama, A. 1997. “Feminism or Femocracy? State Feminism and Democratisation in Nigeria.” Africa Development.20(1): 37–58.
  • Mama, A. 2001. “Challenging Subjects: Gender and Power in African Contexts.” African Sociological Review/Revue Africaine de Sociologie5(2): 63–73.
  • Medie, P. A. 2013. Fighting Gender-based Violence: The Women’s Movement and the Enforcement of Rape Law in Liberia. African Affairs. 112 (448): 377-397.
  • Medie, P.A., 2015. Women and Postconflict Security: A Study of Police Response to Domestic Violence in Liberia. Politics & Gender11(3), pp.478-498.
  • Medie, P.A., 2016. Women’s and Feminist Activism in W est A frica. The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies, pp.1-4.
  • Medie, P.A. and Kang, A.J., 2018. Power, knowledge and the politics of gender in the Global South. European Journal of Politics and Gender1(1-2), pp.37-53.
  • Mwambari, D. 2017. ‘Women-Led Non-Governmental Organizations and Peacebuilding in Postconflict Rwanda.’ African Conflict & Peacebuilding Review 7:1: 66–79.
  • Mwambari, D. 2017. ‘Emergence of Women in Leadership in Post-Genocide Rwanda.’ The Journal of Leadership and Developing Societies 2:1: 88–104.
  • Nyabola, N., 2016. A Seat at the Table: The Fight for Gender Parity in Kenya and Somalia. World Policy Journal33(4), pp.10-15.
  • Oloka-Onyango, J. and Tamale, S. 1995. ” The Personal is Political,” or Why Women’s Rights are Indeed Human Rights: An African Perspective on International Feminism. Human Rights Quarterly. 17(4): 691-731.
  • Oyěwùmí, O. 1997. The Invention of Women: Making an African Sense of Western Gender Discourses. University of Minnesota Press.
  • Pailey, R.N., 2019. Women, Equality, and Citizenship in Contemporary Africa. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Tamale, S. 2011. African Sexualities: A Reader. London: Pambazuka.
  • Tamale, S. 1999. When Hens Begin to Crow: Gender and Parliamentary Politics in Uganda. Westview Press.
  • Tamale, S. 2007. Out of the Closet: Unveiling Sexuality Discourses in Uganda. Africa After Genderedited by C.M. Cole (et al), 17-29.
Agricultural Politics and Land Reform
  • Kimuli, K. 2007. ‘Tax me if you can: Ethnic geography, democracy, and the taxation of agriculture in Africa’. American Political Science Review. 101(1): 159-172.
  • Mkandawire, T., 2009. Institutional Monocropping and Monotasking in Africa. UNRSID.
  • Moyo, S. 2005. “Land and Natural Resource Redistribution in Zimbabwe: Access, Equity and Conflict.” African and Asian Studies.4(1): 187-224.
  • Ntsebeza, L. 2004. “Democratic Decentralisation and Traditional Authority: Dilemmas of Land Administration in Rural South Africa.” The European Journal of Development Research. 16(1):71-89.
  • Zamchiya, P. 2011. A Synopsis of Land and Agrarian Change in Chipinge district, Zimbabwe. Journal of Peasant Studies. 38(5): 1093-1122.
  • Zamchiya, P. 2013. The Role of Politics and State Practices in Shaping Rural Differentiation: A Study of Resettled Small-Scale Farmers in South-Eastern Zimbabwe. Journal of Southern African Studies. 39(4):937-953.
Urban Politics
  • Bagaeen, S., and O. Uduku (eds). 2010. Gated Communities: Social Sustainability in Contemporary and Historical Gated Developments. London: Routledge.
  • Chipungu, L. and Adebayo, A.A. 2013. Policy and Planning Divide: An Evaluation of Housing Production in the Aftermath of Operation Murambatsvina in Zimbabwe. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment.28 (2): 381-396.
  • Hamalengwa, Munyonzwe. 1992. Class Struggles in Zambia, 1889-1989 and the Fall of Kenneth Kaunda, 1990-1991. University Press of America
  • Ismail, S. 2015. The Victoria Mxenge Housing project- women building activism through social activism and informal learning. UCT Press, Cape Town
  • Kombe, W. J., and Kreibich, V. 2000. Reconciling Informal and Formal Land Management: An Agenda for Improving Tenure Security and Urban Governance in Poor Countries. Habitat International. 24(2): 231-240.
  • LeVan, C. and J. Olubowale. 2014. ‘I am Here Until Development Comes’: Displacement, Demolitions, and Property Rights in Urbanizing Nigeria’. African Affairs.113 (452): 387-408.
  • Musoni, Francis. 2010. “Operation Murambatsvina and the Politics of Street Vendors in Zimbabwe.” Journal of Southern African Studies.36(2): 301–17.
  • Ngalamulume, K. 2004. Keeping the City Totally Clean: Yellow Fever and the Politics of Prevention in Colonial Saint-Louis-du-Sènègal, 1850–1914. The Journal of African History. 45(02):183-202.
  • Nuwagaba, A. 1996. Urbanisation and Environmental Crisis in a Ugandan City: Implications for Environmental Management and Sustainable Development. Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review. 12(1): 15-33.
  • Obeng-Odoom, F. 2011. Ill Health Unleashed? Cities and Municipal Services in Ghana. Review of African Political Economy. 38(127): 43-60.
  • Yeboah, I. 2006. Subaltern Strategies and Development Practice: Urban Water Privatization in Ghana. The Geographical Journal. 172(1): 50-65.
  • Zikode, S. 2008. The Greatest Threat to Future Stability in Our Country is the Greatest Strength of the Abahlali based Mjondolo Movement (SA). Journal of Asian and African studies. 43(1):113-117.
International Relations, African Agency, Foreign Policy, International Relations, and the African Union
  • Adejumobi, S. and A. Olukoshi (eds.). 2008. The African Union and New Strategies for Development in Africa. New York: Cambria Press.
  • Adebajo, A., 2002. Building Peace in West Africa: Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea-Bissau. Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  • Adebajo, A., 2003. Africa and America in an Age of Terror. Journal of Asian and African Studies38(2-3), pp.175-191.
  • Adebajo, A. 2009. From Global Apartheid to Global Village: Africa and the United Nations. Scotsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.
  • Adebajo, A. and Mustapha, A.R. eds., 2008. Gulliver’s troubles: Nigeria’s foreign policy after the Cold War. University of Natal Press.
  • Adebajo, A., 2010. The curse of Berlin: Africa after the cold war. London: Hurst.
  • Adebajo, A., 2007. South Africa in Africa: messiah or mercantilist?. South African Journal of International Affairs14(1), pp.29-47.
  • Akokparti, J., A. Ndinga-Muvumba and T. Murithi (eds.). 2009. The African Union and its Institutions. Cape Town: Jacana.
  • Asante, Samuel KB. The political economy of regionalism in Africa: a decade of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Praeger Publishers, 1986.
  • Baimu, E., and K. Sturman. 2003. “Amendment to the African Union’s Right to Intervene: A Shift from Human Security to Regime Security?.” African Security Studies.12(2): 37-45.
  • Carmody, P. R., and F.Y. Owusu. 2007. “Competing Hegemons? Chinese versus American Geo-economic Strategies in Africa.” Political Geography.26(5): 504-524.
  • Falola, T. and Agbo, C., 2019. The Prospects and Challenges of Pan-Africanism. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Gazibo, M. and Mbabia, O., 2010. China’s rising African policy in the era of the new rush to Africa. International Studies , 41 (4), pp.521-546.
  • Kefale, A., 2019. Federalism and Regional Politics in Africa. In N.Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Khadiagala, G.M., 1994. Allies in adversity: The frontline states in southern African security, 1975-1993. Ohio University Press.
  • Khadiagala, G.M. and Lyons, T. eds., 2001. African foreign policies: power and process. Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  • Khadiagala, G.M., 1993. Uganda’s Domestic and Regional Security since the 1970s. The Journal of Modern African Studies31(2), pp.231-255.
  • Khadiagala, G.M. ed., 2006. Security dynamics in Africa’s Great Lakes region. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.
  • Legler, T., and T. Kwasi Tieku. 2010. “What Difference Can a Path Make? Regional Democracy Promotion Regimes in the Americas and Africa.” Democratization. 17(3): 465-491.
  • Makinda, S. M., and F. Wafula Okumu. 2007. The African Union: Challenges of Globalization, Security, and Governance. London: Routledge.
  • Maundi, M.O., Nuamah, K., Zartman, I.W. and Khadiagala, G.M., 2006. Getting in: Mediators’ entry into the settlement of African conflicts. US Institute of Peace Press.
  • Mugomba, A. T. 1978. “Regional Organisations and African Underdevelopment: The Collapse of the East African Community.” The Journal of Modern African Studies.16(02): 261-272.
  • Murithi, T. 2008. “The African Union’s Evolving Role in Peace Operations: The African Union Mission in Burundi, the African Union Mission in Sudan and the African Union Mission in Somalia.” African Security Studies.17(1): 69-82.
  • Murithi, T. 2005. The African Union. Aldershot: Ashgate.
  • Mwambari D., E. Munyi and A. Ylonen. 2020. Beyond History: African Agency in Development, Diplomacy, and Conflict Resolution, edited by E. Munyi, D. Mwambari and A. Ylönen, available late 2020 from Rowman & Littlefield. 
  • Mwambari, D., ‘Emergence of Post-Genocide Collective Memory in Rwanda’s International Relations in Beyond History: African Agency in Development, Diplomacy, and Conflict Resolution, edited by E. Munyi, D. Mwambari and A. Ylönen, available late 2020 from Rowman & Littlefield. 
  • Obi, C., 2019. China, Oil, and Africa. Insight Turkey21(1), pp.10-24.
  • Obi, C., 2018. Nigeria’s foreign policy in relation to the economic community of west African states. In African foreign policies in international institutions (pp. 311-325). Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
  • Obi, C., 2019. Oil and the International Politics of the African State. In N.Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Omar A. Touray. 2005. “The Common African Defence and Security Policy”. African Affairs. 104 (417): 635-656
  • Tieku, T. K. 2004. “Explaining the Clash and Accommodation of Interests of Major Actors in the Creation of the African Union.” African Affairs.103(411): 249-267.
  • Tieku, T.K., 2019. The African Union: Successes and Failures. In N. Cheeseman ed. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
The Military and Security Sector Reform
  • Aboagye, F. 1999. The Ghana Army. Accra: Sedco.
  • Agbese, P.O. 1988. “Defence Expenditures and Private Capital Accumulation in Nigeria” Journal of Asian and African Studies. 13: 3-4.
  • Assenoh, A.B. and Yvette M.A. 2001. African Military History and Politics: Coups and Ideological Incursions 1900-present. New York: Palgrave.
  • Egbo, O., I. Nwakoby, J. Onwumere, and C. Uche. 2012. Security Votes in Nigeria: Disguising Stealing from the Public Purse. African Affairs111(445):597-614.
  • Hutchful, E. and Abdoulaye B. (eds.) 1998. The Military and Militarism in Africa. Dakar: CODESRIA.
  • Ihonvbere, J.O. 1996. “Are Things Falling Apart? The Military and the Crisis of Democratisation in Nigeria” Journal of Modern African Studies. 34(2):193-225.
  • Kandeh, J. 1996. “What Does the ‘Militariat’ Do when it Rules? Military Regimes, the Gambia, Sierra Leone, and Liberia”. Review of African Political Economy. 23(69): 387-404.
  • Mashike, L. 2008. Age of despair: The Un-integrated Forces of South Africa. African Affairs. 107(428):433-453.
  • Mazrui, A.A 1975. Soldiers and Kingsmen in Uganda: The Making of a Military Ethnocracy. London: Sage Publications.
  • Mazrui, A.A. (ed). 1977. The Warrior Tradition in Africa. Leiden: Brill.
  • Mazrui, A.A. 1977. “Soldiers as Traditionalizers: Military Rule and the Re-Africanization of Africa.” Journal of Asian and African Studies. 12(4): 236-58.
  • Mazrui, A.A. 1980. The African Condition: The Reith Lectures. London: Heinemann.
  • Murithi, T. 2008. “The African Union’s Evolving Role in Peace Operations: The African Union Mission in Burundi, the African Union Mission in Sudan and the African Union Mission in Somalia” The African Security Review. 17(1): 69-82.
  • Museveni, Y. 1997. Sowing the Mustard Seed:The Struggle for Freedom and Democracy in Uganda. London:
  • Mwenda, A. and R. Tangri. 2003. “Military Corruption & Ugandan Politics since the late 1990s” in Review of African Political Economy, 30:98, pp. 539-552.
  • N’Diaye, B. 2001. The Challenge of Institutionalising Civilian Control: Botswana, Ivory Coast and Kenya in Comparative Perspective. Oxford: Leighton Books.
  • Nindorera, W. 2007. Security Sector Reform in Burundi: Issues and Challenges for Improving Civilian Protection, Centre d’Alerte et de Prévention des Conflits (CENAP)/North-South Institute (NSI). Working Paper. Ottawa. NSI.
  • Nwagwu, E. 2002. Taming the Tiger: Civil-Military Relations and the Search for Political Stability in Nigeria. University Press of America.
  • Okoye, I. 1991. Soldiers and Politics in Nigeria. Enugu: New Age Publishers.
  • Rupiya, M. (ed). 2005. Evolutions & Revolutions: A Contemporary History of Militaries in Southern Africa.Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies.
  • Rusagara, FK, G Mwaura, and G Nyirimanzi. 2009. Resilience of a Nation: A History of the Military in Rwanda. Fountain Pub Ltd.
  • K. 2013. A History of the Military in Rwanda. Foundations Publishers. Kigali.
  • Tangri, R. and A. W. Mwenda. 2003. ‘Military Corruption and Ugandan Politics Since the Late 1990s’. Review of African Political Economy. 30(98): 539-552.
  • Vrey, F. et al. (eds.) 2013. On Military Culture: Theory, Practise and African Armed Forces. Cape Town:UCT Press.
Conflict and Civil War
  • Abdullah, I., Bangura, Y., Blake, C., Gberie, L., Johnson, L., Kallon, K., Kemokai, S., Muana, P.K., Rashid, I. and Zack-Williams, A., 1997. Lumpen youth culture and political violence: Sierra Leoneans debate the RUF and the civil war. Africa Development/Afrique et Développement, 22(3/4), pp.171-215.
  • Adeeko, A., 2002. Bound to Violence ?: Achille Mbembe’s On the Postcolony. West Africa Review , 3 (2).
  • Adesoji, A.O., 2019. Boko Haram and the Global War on Terror. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Adhvaryu, A., Fenske, J.E., Khanna, G. and Nyshadham, A., 2018. Resources, conflict, and economic development in Africa (No. w24309). National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Akinola, A.O. and Uzodike, U.O., 2018. Ubuntu and the quest for conflict resolution in Africa. Journal of Black studies49(2), pp.91-113.
  • Bangura, Y., 1997. Understanding the Political Cultural Dynamics of the Sierra Leone War: A Critique of Paul Richard’s” Fighting for the Rain Forest”.Africa Development/Afrique et Développement, 22(3/4), pp.117-148.
  • Bangura, Y., 2000. Strategic policy failure and governance in Sierra Leone.The Journal of Modern African Studies, 38(04), pp.551-577.
  • Elbadawi, E., and N. Sambanis. 2000. “Why Are There So Many Civil Wars in Africa? Understanding and Preventing Violent Conflict.” Journal of African Economies.9(3): 244-269.
  • Ekwealor, C.T., 2017. The art of conflict transformation in Africa. Peace Review29(3), pp.341-349.
  • Gebrewold, B., 2016. Anatomy of violence: Understanding the systems of conflict and violence in Africa. Routledge.
  • Golooba-Mutebi, F. 2008. “Collapse, War, and Reconstruction in Rwanda: An Analytical Narrative on State Making.” Crisis States Working Papers Series No. 2. LSE.
  • Kabamba, P., 2019. The Political Economy of War and Violence in Africa: A Hegelian and Marxist Interpretation. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Kefale, A., 2013. Federalism and ethnic conflict in Ethiopia: A comparative regional study. Routledge.
  • Kimonyo, J.P., 2016. Rwanda’s Popular Genocide: A Perfect Storm. Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  • Kisangani, E. F. 2012. Civil Wars in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 1960-2010. Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  • Mamdani, M. 2002. When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Mamdani, M. 2002. “African States, Citizenship and War: A Case–study.” International Affairs.78(3): 493–506.
  • Mamdani, M. 2007. The Politics of Naming: Genocide, Civil War, Insurgency. London Review of Books. 29(5):5-8.
  • Medie, P. A. 2013. Fighting Gender-based Violence: The Women’s Movement and the Enforcement of Rape Law in Liberia. African Affairs. 112 (448): 377-397.
  • Nhema, Alfred Gwarega and Zeleza, Paul Tyambe (eds)The Roots of African Conflicts: the Causes & Costs. Oxford, James Currey.
  • Mustapha, A.R. ed., 2013. Conflicts and security governance in West Africa. Abuja: Altus Global Alliance.
  • Mustapha, A.R. ed., 2014. Sects & social disorder: Muslim identities & conflict in Northern Nigeria. Boydell & Brewer Ltd.
  • Mwagiru, M. 2006. Conflict in Africa: Theory, Processes and Institutions of Management. Nairobi: CCR Publications.
  • Mwakikagile, G. 2013. Civil Wars in Rwanda and Burundi: Conflict Resolution in Africa. New Africa Press.
  • Obi, C., 2019. Gunning for security governance in a resource-rich African state? Interrogating militarisation in a democratic Nigeria. Conflict, Security & Development19(6), pp.603-621.
  • Obi, C. and Babatunde, A.O., 2019. The Challenge of Building Resilience in Post-Conflict African States: What Role for Local Institutions?. African Conflict & Peacebuilding Review9(2), pp.1-8.
  • Rubongoya, J.B., 1995. The Bakonjo‐Baamba and Uganda: Colonial and postcolonial integration and ethnocide. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism18(2), pp.75-92.
  • Ujunwa, A., Okoyeuzu, C. and Kalu, E.U., 2019. Armed conflict and food security in West Africa: socioeconomic perspectiveInternational Journal of Social Economics.
The Politics of Refugees and Migration
  • Adepoju, A. 1982. “The Dimensions of the Refugee Problem in Africa.” African Affairs.81(322): 21–35.
  • Adepoju, A., 2019. Migrants and Refugees in Africa. In N.Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Akyeampong, E. 2005. “Diaspora and Drug Trafficking in West Africa: A Case Study of Ghana.” African Affairs.104(416): 429–47.
  • Akyeampong, E. 2000. Congo-Paris: Transnational Traders on the Margins of the Law. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • Crush, J. and D. Tevera. 2010. Zimbabwe’s Exodus: Crisis, Migration, Survival. Southern African Migration Project.
  • Mamdani, M. 2011. From Citizen to Refugee: Uganda Asians come to Britain. London: Pambazuka.
  • Mazrui, A. A. A., I. Okpewho and C.B. Davies. 1999. The African Diaspora: African Origins and the New World Identities. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • Mbembé, J-A. and Steven Rendall. 2000. “At the Edge of the World: Boundaries, Territoriality, and Sovereignty in Africa.” Public Culture.12(1): 259-284.
  • Mushemeza, E.D. 2007. The Politics and Empowerment of Banyarwanda Refugees in Uganda, 1959-2001. Fountain Publishers.
  • Ndjio, B. 2008. Mokoagne Moni: Sorcery and New Forms of Wealth in Cameroon. Past & Present199(3):271-289.
  • Ndjio, B. 2009. “Shanghai Beauties’ and African Desires: Migration, Trade and Chinese Prostitution in Cameroon”. European Journal of Development Research, 21(4): 606-621.
  • Obadare, E., and W. Adebanwi. 2009. “Transnational Resource Flow and the Paradoxes of Belonging: Redirecting the Debate on Transnationalism, Remittances, State and Citizenship in Africa.” Review of African Political Economy. 36(122): 499-517.
  • Okpewho, I., and N. Nzegwu. 2009. The New African Diaspora. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • Oloka-Onyango, J. 1995. Plight of the Larger Half: Human Rights, Gender Violence and the Legal Status of Refugee and Internally Displaced Women in Africa, Denver Journal of International Law and Policy 24 (3): 349–489.
  • Samatar, A. I., M. Lindberg and B. Mahayni. 2010. “The Dialectics of Piracy in Somalia: The Rich Versus the Poor”. Third World Quarterly.31(8):1377-1394.
Peace-making, Peace-building, and Reconciliation
  • Adebajo, A. 2002. Building Peace in West Africa; Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea-Bissau. Lynne Reiner.
  • Amadiume, I. 2000. The Politics of Memory: Truth, Healing and Social Justice. London: Zed Books.
  • Khadiagala, G.M., 2007. Meddlers or mediators?: African interveners in civil conflicts in Eastern Africa (Vol. 4). Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Brill Academic Publishers.
  • Khadiagala, G.M., 2009. Regionalism and conflict resolution: Lessons from the Kenyan crisis. Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 27(3), pp.431-444.
  • Kimonyo, J.P., N. Twagiramungu, and C. Kayumba. 2004. Supporting the Post-Genocide Transition in Rwanda: The Role of the International Community. The Hague: Netherlands.
  • Maina, Grace and Erik Melander (eds) 2015. Peace Agreements and Durable Peace in Africa. Pietermaritzburg, University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.
  • Mandaza, I. 1999. Reconciliation and Social Justice in Southern Africa: The Zimbabwe Experience in  African Renaissance: The New Struggle, edited by Malegapuru William Makgoba, 81.
  • Mbembe, A. 2008. “Passages to Freedom: The Politics of Racial Reconciliation in South Africa”. Public Culture. 20(1): 5-18.
  • Mgbako, C. 2005. “Ingando Solidarity Camps: Reconciliation and Political Indoctrination in Post-Genocide Rwanda.” Harvard Human Rights Journal.18: 201–24.
  • Murithi, T. 2005.The African Union:Pan-African Peacebuilding and Development. Aldershot: Ashgate.
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  • Mwambari, D. 2017. ‘Emergence of Women in Leadership in Post-Genocide Rwanda.’ The Journal of Leadership and Developing Societies 2:1: 88–104.
  • Mwambari, D. 2019., ‘Music and the Politics of the Past: Kizito Mihigo’s Story and Music in Commemoration of the Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda.’ Memory Studies, online, 6 February 2019. https://doi.org/10.1177/1750698018823233.
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  • Okumu Wafula Okumu and Augustine Ikelegbe  (eds) 2010. Militias, Rebels and Islamist Militants: Human Insecurity and State in Africa. Pretoria, Institute for Security Studies.
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The Politics of International Development
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  • Amin, S. 1976. Unequal Development: An Essay on the Social Formations of Peripheral Capitalism. New York : Monthly Review Press
  • Amin, S. 2011. Maldevelopment: Anatomy of a Global Failure. London: Pambazuka Press.
  • Ayittey, G. ed., 2016. Africa unchained: The blueprint for Africa’s future. Springer.
  • Bangura, Y., 1994. Intellectuals, economic reform and social change: constraints and opportunities in the formation of a Nigerian technocracy.Development and change, 25(2), pp.261-305.
  • Bangura, Y., 2006. Ethnic inequalities in the public sector: A comparative analysis. Development and Change, 37(2), pp.299-328.
  • Bob-Milliar, G. M. 2009. Chieftaincy, Diaspora, and Development: The Institution of Nksuohene in Ghana. African Affairs. 108 (433): 541-558
  • Booth, D. and F. Golooba-Mutebi. 2012. “Developmental patrimonialism? The Case of Rwanda.” African Affairs.111(444): 379-403.
  • Chipungu, L. and H. Magidimisha. 2015. Governance for Development in Africa: Solving Collective Action Problems. African Affairs. 114 (454): 152-154.
  • Chome, N., 2015. ‘Devolution is only for development’? Decentralization and elite vulnerability on the Kenyan coast. Critical African Studies7(3), pp.299-316.
  • Kagwanja, P. 2007. “Calming the Waters: The East African Community and Conflict Over the Nile Resources.” Journal of Eastern African Studies.1(3): 321-337.
  • Kanyinga, K., 2000. Re-distribution from above: The politics of land rights and squatting in coastal Kenya (Vol. 115). Nordic Africa Institute.
  • Maboshe, M., Kabechani, A. and Chelwa, G., 2019. The welfare effects of unprecedented electricity price hikes in Zambia. Energy Policy126, pp.108-117.
  • Mkandawire, T. 2001. “Thinking About Developmental States in Africa.” Cambridge Journal of Economics, 25(3): 289-313.
  • Mkandawire, T. ed. 2004. Social Policy in a Development Context. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Mkandawire, T. 2010. “From Maladjusted States to Democratic Developmental States in Africa,” in Constructing a democratic developmental state in South Africa: Potentials and Challenges, edited by Omano Edigheji, 59 – 81.
  • Mkandawire, T. 2010. “How the New Poverty Agenda Neglected Social and Employment Policies in Africa.” Journal of Human Development and Capabilities: A Multi-Disciplinary Journal for People-Centered Development. 11(1): 37 – 55.
  • Mkandawire, T. 2010. “On Tax Efforts and Colonial Heritage in Africa.” Journal of Development Studies. 46(10): 1647-1669.
  • Mshomba, R.E., 1997. On African Responsibility for Economic Problems. Issue: A Journal of Opinion25(1), pp.50-53.
  • Mshomba, R.E., 2000. Africa in the global economy. Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  • Mshomba, R.E., 2009. Africa and the World Trade Organization. Cambridge University Press.
  • Mshomba, R.E., 2017. Economic Integration in Africa: The East African Community in Comparative Perspective. Cambridge University Press.
  • Mshomba, R.E., 2019. Development Trajectories in Africa. In N. Cheeseman ed., Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Mwenda, A. and R. Tangri. 2005. “Patronage Politics, Donor Reforms, and Regime Consolidation in Uganda” in African Affairs, 104(416). 449-467.
  • Ndegwa, S.N. and B. Levy. 2003. The Politics of Decentralization in Africa: A Comparative Analysis. World bank.
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  • Tangri, R. and Mwenda, A., 2001. Corruption and cronyism in Uganda’s privatization in the 1990s. African Affairs, 100(398), pp.117-133.
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  • Odetola, O. 1982. Military Regimes and Development: A Comparative Analysis in African Societies. London: George Allen and Unwin.
  • Rodney, W. 2012. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. London: Pambazuka Press.
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The Politics of Language, Knowledge and Education
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  • Appiah, K. A. 1991. Is the Post- in Postmodernism the Post- in Postcolonial? Critical Inquiry. 17(2): 336–357.
  • Busia, A.P., 1989. Silencing Sycorax: On African colonial discourse and the unvoiced female. Cultural Critique, pp.81-104.
  • Federici, S., Caffentzis, C.G. and Alidou, O., 2000. A thousand flowers: Social struggles against structural adjustment in African universities. Africa World Press.
  • Mama, A. 2007. “Is It Ethical to Study Africa? Preliminary Thoughts on Scholarship and Freedom.” African Studies Review. 50(1): 1–26.
  • Mudimbe, V. Y. 1988. The Invention of Africa: Prognosis, Philosophy and the Order of Knowledge. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • Mudimbe, V. Y. 1991. Parables and Fables: Exegesis, Textuality, and Politics in Central Africa. Madison: Univ of Wisconsin Press.
  • Mudimbe, V.Y. 1994. The Idea of Africa. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • Nyamnjoh, F. B. 2012. “Blinded by Sight: Divining the Future of Anthropology in Africa”. Africa Spectrum. 47: 63–92.
  • Nyamnjoh, F. B. 2012. “‘Potted plants in greenhouses’: A Critical Reflection on the Resilience of Colonial Education in Africa”. Journal of Asian and African Studies.  47 (2): 129-154.
  • Owomoyela, O. 1994. “With Friends like These… A Critique of Pervasive Anti-Africanisms in Current African Studies Epistemology and Methodology”. African Studies Review. 37(3): 77-101.
  • Rutazibwa, O. U. 2014. Studying Agaciro:Moving Beyond Wilsonian Interventionist Knowledge Production on Rwanda. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding8(4): 291-302.
  • Tamale, S. R., and J. Oloka-Onyango. 2000. Bitches at the Academy: Gender and Academic Freedom in Africa.
  • Tendi, B.M. 2010. Making History in Mugabe’s Zimbabwe: Politics, Intellectuals and the Media. Oxford: Peter Lang.
  • Wa Thiong’o, N., 1972. Homecoming: Essays on African and Caribbean literature, culture and politics (p. 145). London: Heinemann.
  • Wa Thiong’o, N. 1981. Decolonising the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature. Oxford: James Curry.
  • Wa Thiong’o, N. 1998. Penpoints, Gunpoints, and Dreams: Towards a Critical Theory of the Arts and the State in Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Wa Thiong’o N. Writers in politics: Essays. Nairobi: Heinemann; 1981.
  • Zeleza, P.T. 2005. “Transnational Education and African Universities.” Journal of Higher Education in Africa. 3(1): 1–28.

3 COMMENTS

  1. Great List 🙂 I would propose to add “The Big Conservation Lie” by Mbaria and Mordecai
    … and maybe more books on nature and environmental governance, even though I don’t have any in my head right now

  2. Mudimbe, V. Y. 1988. The Invention of Africa: Prognosis, Philosophy and the Order of Knowlegde.Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

    The word in the subtitle is “gnosis”

    Suggestion:
    Epistemic Freedom in Africa: Deprovincialization and Decolonization
    S. J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni

  3. Great List!
    I would add also my own:
    Global Development Ethics, Rowman & Littlefield, 2019. On issues of development writ large.
    Identity, political freedom and Collective Responsibility, Palgrave, 2013. On Identity, Democracies and transnational responsibility.

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